The Difference Between Full and Partial Dentures

The Difference Between Full and Partial Dentures

Posted by SHEFFIELD SQUARE DENTAL CARE on Dec 14 2017, 01:54 AM

A denture is a set of prosthetic teeth that can be used to replace all of the upper or lower teeth or all of the teeth on both the upper and lower jaws. Patients can choose between full dentures, which replace an entire arch of missing teeth, and partial dentures, which fit around the remaining natural teeth and are secured in place with clasps. Both types can be made to be removable for sleeping and cleaning or designed to fit more securely during a patient’s waking hours.

A full denture consists of a gum-colored base that fits over the gums. The base of the upper denture covers the palate, while that of the lower one fits around the entire ridge of the gums. The upper denture typically has flesh-colored plastic coverings called “gums” that rest on the gum tissues and suction to stay in place. The lower denture has a horseshoe shape to accommodate the tongue.

Once these prosthetics are in place, patients may experience an adjustment period while they get used to them. Some bleeding and soreness are common during the first few days of wearing new dentures. Over time, the gums will heal, and patients will be able to eat and speak normally again. However, it may take a few weeks to get used to chewing with a new denture, so a soft diet is recommended during this time. Additionally, it’s important to keep the mouth clean during the adjustment process to prevent tartar buildup.

A partial denture is custom-made to fit within the patient’s mouth, whereas a full denture replaces all of the teeth in an arch. An impression is made of the patient’s upper and lower jaw so that the dentures can be properly fitted. In a simple extraction procedure, the dentist will remove any teeth that cannot support replacement teeth. Typically, these teeth are either removed or fall out naturally after the procedure. After fitting the models to a patient’s gums, any necessary adjustments will be made before securing the dentures in place with an adhesive. Patients are advised to use adhesive to properly secure their dentures.

What Are the Benefits of Dentures?

If you’re missing all of your teeth, a full denture can replace them and restore your smile. Dentures also prevent your remaining teeth from shifting to fill in gaps left behind by missing teeth. With full dentures, you’ll be able to speak clearly again and eat the foods you love without worrying about your teeth falling out or becoming loose. Dentures are also custom-created to perfectly fit your mouth for ultimate comfort.

While dentures replace an entire set of teeth, partial dentures only replace a few missing teeth in a row. You might only need a partial denture if you still have some healthy teeth remaining. A partial denture will still help restore your smile and prevent your other teeth from moving out of place. It will also feel just like having your natural teeth back in your smile!

For patients missing most or all of their teeth, both full and partial dentures can be expertly designed to fit perfectly in your mouth and give you back a healthy-looking smile you can be proud of. 

Call us at 773-880-2310 or email us at to schedule your appointment. Visit Sheffield Square Dental Care at 2835 N. Sheffield Ave, Suite 305, Chicago, IL 60657.

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