Gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis are two of the most devastating oral conditions. They are caused due to the microbial action of the oral bacteria, which leads to the decay of gum tissues. If the disease is left untreated and unattended for a long time, it can have quite serious effects such as tooth loss, jawbone deterioration, root canal infection, etc.
How does one develop gum diseases?
The most common cause of gum diseases is the plaque and tartar adhered to the tooth and root surfaces. The microbes in the deposits release harmful acids that gradually decay the gum tissues, cause the receding of the gum line, and put the patient’s entire oral health in jeopardy. Some of the symptoms are:
- The decay of tissues in the gums
- Receding gum line
- Loosening of the teeth from their sockets
- Severe bad breath
- Pain and redness in the gums
- Bleeding and release of pus from the gums
- In extreme cases, the disease can lead to root canal infection, jawbone deterioration, or even tooth loss.
Scaling and root planing
The most straightforward and primary treatment of gum diseases can be carried out using procedures such as scaling and root planing. Scaling and root planing are the removal of plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth and the roots, respectively. These procedures are known to provide significant relief from the disease as the majority of the microbes are removed from under and around the gums.
Medication can also be used to treat gum diseases. Powerful drugs such as Arestin can be placed under the infected gum tissues. It helps to kill the microbes that may still be under the gums after the root planing procedure. Patients who suffer from chronic gum diseases or deep gum pockets can benefit from this treatment method. However, it provides short-term relief and wouldn’t be as effective in the long run.
The laser has several uses in the field of dentistry. One such application is in the treatment of periodontitis. A highly powerful laser beam can be used to vaporize the infected gum tissues and seal the wound instantly. The procedure is an excellent workaround for surgical removal of infected gum tissues. It eliminates pain during the process almost entirely and is known to be highly safe and effective.
Please schedule an appointment online or call us at (773) 880-2310 to have a consultation with Dr. Eliot, and we will be happy to help.